Slash (punctuation)

The religious basis of calendars around the world: There are many religious calendars in existence, but each is normally in use in one region of the world — typically by followers of a single religion. Almost all of the world’s religious calendars are based on religion, astrology, or myth: The Baha’i calendar is based on the date that the Bab declared that a new manifestation of God would appear. The Creativity Movement , a racist, sexist and homophobic religious group, bases their calendar on the date when their religious book was published. The Hindu calendar is based on a planetary alignment in BCE.

A Brief History of Text Messaging

You might have noticed long ago that the official abbreviation for barrels when referencing a barrel of crude oil is “BBL,” despite the obvious fact that the word “barrel” lacks a second “b. The answer, courtesy of the Energy Information Administration: In the early ‘s, when oil production began, there was no standard container for oil, so oil and petroleum products were stored and transported in barrels of all different shapes and sizes beer barrels, fish barrels, molasses barrels, turpentine barrels, etc.

By the early ‘s, the gallon barrel had been adopted as the standard for oil trade. This was 2 gallons per barrel more than the gallon standard used by many other industries at the time.

united states military rank abbreviations – us air force, coast guard, navy, marines and army.

The Calendar Act brought about further changes. The Julian Calendar did not correspond exactly to the solar year. The new Gregorian Calendar cut 10 days from the year in adjustment. Other Catholic countries followed and adopted the Gregorian Calendar but England, being Protestant, did not. England therefore remained 10 days behind the New Style Calendar. By England was some 11 days behind other European countries. So in these days had to be cut out of the year to make the adjustment.

2 ways to abbreviate Historical

The smaller of two Minoan snake goddess figurines The Minoans seem to have prominently worshiped a Great Goddess, which had previously led to the belief that their society was matriarchal. However it is now known that this was not the case; the Minoan pantheon featured many deities, among which a young, spear-wielding male god is also prominent.

They are often represented by serpents , birds, poppies or an animal on the head. According to Nanno Marinatos, “The hierarchy and relationship of gods within the pantheon is difficult to decode from the images alone. It was not dominated by fertility any more than any religion of the past or present has been, and it addressed gender identity, rites of passage, and death.

For dating purposes, one should consult the technical works of Traube, Lindsay, Bains, Paap, and the new series of catalogues of “dated and datable” manuscripts (keeping in mind, though, that systems of abbreviation never actually “die out” completely, so attempts at dating are more secure on the side of the terminus ante quem non). Note also.

Search strategies from name variations to indexing errors and more Keep it simple – start with just a name or a name and a place. Some census enumerators recorded given names only by the initial or an abbreviation, such as M or Magt instead of Marguerite. Sometimes only a title was used: Also, many names were written phonetically, as they sounded to the person recording them. For example, Thibault, Thibeau and Tibo are just three of many variations of that name.

Some people anglicized their names.


To decode Martha Ballard’s diary, you will need to understand how she structured her pages, how she recorded the date, and how she used abbreviations and marginalia. Rollover the headings below to see fragments decoded. Read more about these and other aspects of Martha’s diary her ink, her pen, the layout of the diary, etc. She recorded not only the day of the month, but also the day of the week.

Martha’s Abbreviations: Martha had her own abbreviations for words she often used. In this entry we see “Doctr” for doctor, and “Ephrm” for Ephraim (her son). The origin of Martha’s dating system — Martha’s dating system is the same as the one used in most almanacs from the period.

It is not intended to be a complete list of abbreviations used in Masonic lodges and other bodies, nor of those used in scholarly reference books. However, this list can help the Brother who is engaged in some purposeful Masonic reading; it explains the most common abbreviations and reference words he may encounter in his search for Masonic Light. He is a member of St. This booklet will help to answer many of the questions that come to an editor’s desk.

To Brother Pouler, we express sincere appreciation for making possible this useful tool for Masonic enlightenment. Ancient and Accepted A. Ancient and Accepted Rite as used in England A. Anno Domini; “in the year of the Lord.


Literary Terms and Definitions: C This page is under perpetual construction! It was last updated January 5, This list is meant to assist, not intimidate. Use it as a touchstone for important concepts and vocabulary that we will cover during the term.

Year Dating Conventions The western-style year dating convention commonly used in many parts of the world was created by the monk Dionysius Exiguus in or about the year AD The convention is based on Exiguus’ determination of the year in which Jesus Christ was born.

The Minoans raised cattle , sheep , pigs and goats , and grew wheat , barley , vetch and chickpeas. They also cultivated grapes , figs and olives , and grew poppies for seed and perhaps opium. The Minoans also domesticated bees. Pear , quince , and olive trees were also native. Date palm trees and cats for hunting were imported from Egypt. They may have practiced polyculture , [50] and their varied, healthy diet resulted in a population increase.

Polyculture theoretically maintains soil fertility and protects against losses due to crop failure. Linear B tablets indicate the importance of orchards figs , olives and grapes in processing crops for “secondary products”. Seafood was also important in Cretan cuisine. The prevalence of edible molluscs in site material [54] and artistic representations of marine fish and animals including the distinctive LM IIIC “Octopus” stirrup jar , indicate appreciation and occasional use of fish by the economy.

However, scholars believe that these resources were not as significant as grain, olives and animal produce. Cretan cuisine included wild game; Cretans ate wild deer and boar and meat from livestock.

Glossary of acronyms and abbreviations in personal ads

So, what does it all mean? Let’s start with the column headings, which in this case actually come in the middle of the table. Expanding the abbreviations, the headings mean:

Missions, reserves and stations were reserves of land to which Aboriginal people were forcibly relocated.

By Christine Erickson The feature has grown from being favored by the tech-savvy to a universal staple. It’s allowed us to be more efficient, independent and direct. When you’re running late, you text someone to let them know. When you’re in class or a meeting and there’s an emergency, you know immediately. When you need a quick “yes” or “no,” you ask via text. How did such a seemingly simple method of communication lead us to the trillions of texts sent today? Texting, or SMS short message service is a method of communication that sends text between cellphones — or from a PC or handheld to a cell phone.

The “short” part comes from the maximum size of the text messages: The first text message was sent in from Neil Papworth , a former developer at Sema Group Telecoms. Mobile phones didn’t have keyboards at the time, so Papworth had to type the message on a PC.

Acronyms finder

But… is any of that true? Behind the Kondrak and Hauer headlines The initial question is obvious: A quick snoop reveals that Bradley Hauer is a pretty smart crypto cookie: It does this by using both letter statistics and word lists at the same time a to solve Aristocrat cryptograms i. So what happened before the Voynich paper was even written was that Hauer had built up a lot of software machinery for solving nicely-word-boundaried simple substitution ciphers at speed, and where some kind of mild text mangling had optionally taken place.

And so it should not be a surprise that he carried this technology and approach forward, insofar as the paper tries to solve Voynichese as if it were a nicely-word-boundaried simple substitution cipher that had had its text mangled via anagramming plus optional abjad-style vowel removal.

Dating ad abbreviations Buffalo Efficient aircraft in a set of primary historical dates. Typically used to get free classified rates personals ad rates personals, – c. Basically correspond in personal ad stands for cryptocurrency, the jul 6.

It’s very strange that going across the arbitrary division line between two years also requires a change in the language of abbreviation. Also, traditional convention says that BC comes after a date e. While that convention is no longer universally maintained, it’s odd and confusing. They’re prone to misinterpretation. In particular, the language inconsistency noted above has given birth to a widely-held misconception that AD is an English abbreviation for after death i.

Obviously this is wrong, but it was actually the first explanation I heard as a child, which then caused great confusion when I encountered a teacher telling me that it meant something else in some obscure dead language. I’m not alone in having heard this false etymology, as many internet discussions will attest. As noted in a previous answer, the birth of Jesus Christ is now estimated by most scholars to have occurred at least a few years earlier.

I’ve seen everything from 7 to 2 BCE — and yes, in this particular sentence, using the abbreviation BC seems to me an oxymoron.

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